bilveer-singh

The off line and on line Impact of ICT on ASEAN Security : A Perspective

Prof. Bilveer Singh
Departement of Political Science
National University of Singapore, Singapore

Abstract
The central thrust of the paper is to deconstruct what the rise of information and communication technology means for society. Sure, this has been a key game changer with dire consequences all-round. However, it has been in the arenas of politics, economy and security where its ramifications have been the most serious. While information and communication technology has been a boon for business, communications and networking, it has also been a bane on the security front. The rise of cyber-related crimes has been one major consequence with Indonesia, since 2013, even over-taking China as the new ‘capital of hacking’ in the world. In the present paradigm of security threats from extremism and terrorism, the game changing role of information and communication technology has been even more marked. Today, no country is safe from the threat of radicalism and terrorism, and where the role of information and communication technology has been prominent. The use of information and communication technology for radicalisation, for networking of radicals, for the spread of propaganda and information, for collection of funds, for buying weapons and even for planning and organising attacks are some of the function information and communication technology have assisted in enhancing insecurity. As far as countering these threats are concerned, the state, even in Indonesia, tends to be playing the role of catch-up.